We all know the 6 piece Nesting dolls,the wooden folding dolls, long ago become a symbol of Russian folk art and a traditional souvenir, which is accepted to buy in Russian. But parents should pay attention to the nested doll and as a unique educational toy, which should certainly be purchased for a child. 6 pieces Nesting dolls is simple, not that very brilliant, but this is no less interesting for children. As a matter of fact, many practitioners are using dolls to teach yoga.
6 piece Nesting dolls: toy description
The traditional Russian doll is a wooden painted doll with smaller dolls enclosed in it, much safer than PVC dolls. The shape of the nesting doll is close to the shape of the egg, while the toy has a flat bottom for stability. Each doll, except the latest one, is divided into two parts, the upper and the lower. Only dolls in 6 piece Nesting dolls usually at least three. There are souvenir options from 20, 30 and even 50 elements!
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The 6 piece Nesting dolls, which is familiar to us, depicts a woman in a red sundress and a scarf. However, at present there are a wide variety of toy painting variations: girls, families (grandfather, grandmother, father, mother, and child), heroes of fairy tales (Ropak, Tremor, Kolovos, and Raba Chicken), etc. As a souvenir, 6 piece Nesting dolls featuring political figures, as well as portraits are popular.
Nesting dolls are made mostly of soft wood: linden, less often birch and alder. Dried logs for several years, with good ventilation. Carefully monitor the quality of drying wood, it should not be damp or dry. Begin manufacturing with the smallest undivided doll. The subsequent ones are made from blanks of the required size (they are cut into two parts and the excess wood is removed so that the smaller doll keeps tightly inside the larger one). The biggest doll has a special stand for sustainability.
Each figure is polished, primed, and then painted. Gouache is most often used, less often, watercolor, tempera, oil paints. Next, the dolls are coated with oil varnish and dried.
The size of the nesting doll toy depends on the number of items. The top doll in small nesting dolls of 3 elements has a size of 8-10 cm, in standard of 5 elements – 16-18 cm, of 7 elements – 18-21 cm, of 10 elements – 20-25 cm. huge nesting dolls of 50 dolls have height 65-75 cm.
6 piece Nesting dolls – a toy or a souvenir?
Before the birth of the child, the doll is usually associated in adults with a traditional Russian souvenir. Yes, indeed, this is a very beautiful and bright memorable thing that will decorate any home. And yet the 6 piece Nesting dolls is not an ordinary souvenir.
On the question, the dolls belong to toys or are only a piece of furniture, you can definitely answer: the doll is a great toy for children! Besides the fact that the traditional 6 piece Nesting dolls itself is attractive for a child and you can play with it like with a doll, it also unfolds, which means you can come up with a huge number of options for playing with it.
What category of toys in terms of pedagogy are 6 pieces Nesting dolls?
Firstly, the nested doll is a toy that develops the initial movements and perceptions. It develops visual perception and touch, teaches perception of shapes and colors, and contributes to improved coordination of movements. The simple form of the nesting doll and environmental friendliness makes it an excellent educational toy for the youngest children.
Secondly, the nested doll belongs to the toys promoting physical development of the child. In addition, the doll is a didactic toy. Playing with a nested doll, the child solves the problem that is contained in the very design of the toy, assemble and disassemble the nested doll. In the course of the game, attention and memory of the child develops, intelligence and observation increases.
The history of nesting dolls – Russian folk toys for children
The history of the wooden toy nesting dolls is foggy, since different sources describe it in different ways. Most publications in the media and the Internet say that the first 6 piece Nesting dolls was created at the end of the XIX century, during the heyday of public interest in its own national culture. In the Moscow workshop “Children’s Education”, created specifically to preserve the traditions of Russian folk toys, turner vastlycarved the first detachable doll. According to sources, the prototype of the 6 piece Nesting dolls doll is the Japanese figure Fukuruma (spelling variants, Fukurimi, Fukurama, Fukurokuju, Fukurokuju), one of the seven gods of luck, the god of wisdom and scholarship.
Artist Sergey Malyutin, propagandist of the “Russian style”, is considered the author of the sketch, “the father of the nested doll,” besides, it was he who painted the resulting toy. She was a chubby peasant woman, wearing an embroidered shirt and a sundress. She was wearing an apron and a colorful handkerchief, and she was holding a black rooster in her hands. Inside the doll there were 7 more figures: three sisters, one with a sickle and the other with a loaf, a brother in a painted shirt, two more sisters and a swaddled baby, the smallest, inseparable doll. In 1900, the nested doll received recognition at the World Exhibition in Paris, which led to an increase in demand for this toy.
Actually, the authorship of the nested doll is not certain. On the one hand, the researchers unanimously attributed it to the artist Maltin. However, turner in his memoirs claims that he was the one who invented and created the toy. In addition, in the legacy of the artist Sergei Maltin there is indeed no sketch of the doll.
There is also confusion with the date of origin of the dolls. They call both 1893, and 1896, and 1898. He himself generally mentions the year 1900 but the World Exhibition had already taken place in April, and perhaps the author admits an inaccuracy in dating (the memoirs were written 50 years later). By the way, he speaks about the creation of a three- and six-sweater nesting dolls, although in the Toy Museum in SergeiPosed there is a nesting doll of 8 elements, and it is considered to be the first.
As for the Japanese origin of 6 piece Nesting dolls, then the question remains open to this effect. Indeed, the Japanese were excellent masters of turning. However, the idea of separable toys was traditional in the Russian national craft, remember at least about Easter eggs. Everyone knows the tale of the iron chest, inside which the hare sits, and inside it a duck, a duck’s egg, and that’s where Kocher’sdeath lies … Perhaps this is the deep meaning of the 6 piece Nesting dolls: to get to the truth, you need to literally get to the bottom , tearing off all covers-caps.